All About Kedu

There’s a common misconception that Kedu means Hello.

Nothing could be further from the truth.

Kedu does not mean Hello.

In fact, Hello doesn’t really exist in Igbo because Hello is an English word, and an English concept.

So, what then is Kedu?


Kedu is a questioning particle.

This means that Kedu doesn’t really mean anything on its own, but rather, is short for any number of questions that can be formed with Kedu.

Kedu as What / Who / Which / When / How

Kedu + ife (thing) = What?

e.g. Kedu ife bu ife a? – What is this / that? (Lit. What thing is this thing?)

Kedu + onye (person) = Who?

e.g. Kedu onye bu onye a? – Who is this / that? (Lit. Which person is this person?)

Kedu + ndi (people) = Who?

e.g. Kedu ndi bu ndi a? – Who are these / those? (Lit. Which people are these people?)

Kedu + mbosi (when as in day) = When?

e.g. Kedu mbosi Chinedu na eme anwuli? – When is Chinedu having a party? (Lit. What day is Chinedu having the party?)

Kedu + oge (when as in time) = When?

e.g. Kedu oge bu Chinedu ga abia? – When will Chinedu come? (Lit. What time will Chinedu come?)

Kedu + etu (manner) = How?

e.g. Kedu etu Chinedu bia? – How did Chinedu come? (Lit. By what manner did Chinedu come/ arrive?)

Kedu + ka (as / like) = How?

e.g. Kedu ka Chinedu si bia?How did Chinedu come / arrive?

Note: When people meet and say Kedu? It’s short for the following question:

Kedu ka Chinedu di? How is Chinedu?

Using Kedu on its own

Kedu afa gi?What is your name?

Kedu Chinedu?Where is Chinedu?

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6 thoughts on “All About Kedu

  1. ojagu says:

    “Well this is probably all wrong because I know it can be asked differently but… kedu afọ ole gi?

    If it is wrong, can someone tell me why? Are there more rules (lol)?”

    • Sexy Igbo says:

      “Are you trying to say How old are you?

      That’s Aro one k’i di?

      A rule to remember: just because a question begins or contains How, What, etc in English does not necessarily mean that question is structured the same way in Igbo.

      What-questions are most likely to have a similar structure but even what-questions in Igbo can be quite different from what you’re used to in English.”

      • ojagu says:

        Ah so ‘afo ole ka i di’ is Central.

        Out of curiosity, what does it translate to literally?

        I was confused enough when I saw kedu and gini being used for English ‘what/how’ questions… Then the age question has neither? Is there a way of knowing or is it just trial and error?”

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